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Understanding The Anasazi/ Ancestral Puebloans

Anasazi refers to the physical remains of a pre-Columbian peasant people who lived about a thousand years back in the Four Corners region of Colorado, roughly the age of today's Pueblo individuals. Due to their geographical area, the Anasazi cultures were divided into three main areas or branches: the Colorado Plateau, the Puleos and the Rio Grande Valley. Their historical sites are located in Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, California, Texas, Mexico and New York. Modern Pueblo oral traditions state that it came from Lake Shibapu, where the underworld stemmed from the depths of the Colorado River and the Puleos River, the source of water from which the Anasazi drink. In an unidentified age, the Great Spirit who led North America led the Anasazi, a group of individuals from the Pueblo region of Colorado, New Mexico and Arizona, to the Colorado River.

Pueblo II: The Chaco Period

Pueblo II: Chaco Period 483858519.jpg In the l lth century, the Chaco Canyon in northwestern New Mexico was declared a National forest and World Heritage Site. The view spans the entire location of the canyon, from the western edge of its canyon walls to the top of a steep hill. Located in northern New Mexico, the Chaco Canyon was the center of Pueblo culture from 850 to 1150 AD. In its heyday (1100 A.D.), it housed a population of about 1,000 individuals, and it is thought that there was the largest concentration of individuals in the United States at that time. As a centre for ceremonies and trade, the gorge was characterised by eleven big houses dealing with the sun, moon and cardinal points and appearing on the road linking it to the remote Puleo neighborhoods. The scientists have long thought of how the Chaco rulers exercised their power and impact on the culture of the Pueblo and their people, "states Dr. David L. Schmitt of the Department of Archaeology and Anthropology at the University of New Mexico.

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