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Chaco Canyon - History

Chaco was identified by the construction of so-called "Excellent Homes," or Pueblo Bonito, or Great Houses. The largest of them, the "Pueblos Bonitos," comprised six hundred and fifty rooms, and its building and construction required the use of more than two million cubic feet of wood per square meter. The Chaco Anasazi developed a landscape that extended from the straight line of the arrow to the Chaco Canyon, with arrows and straight lines, a technical miracle accomplished without a compass, wheel or pack animal. A road connected the canyon with 150 other large houses, consisting of the ruins of the Aztecs and the ruins of the salmon. The Chaco became one of the most essential cultural centers of the United States and the world with a population of more than 1. 5 million individuals.Historic Pottery Anasazi 75285475.jpg

Historic Pottery of the Anasazi

The Anasazi culture lived in what is now called the 4-Corners. The area is abundant in sedimentary minerals, including many outstanding clays, so most Anasazi villages most likely had a variety of excellent clays within a short distance from which to choose when making pottery. They collected a powder which they ground into a grindstone called Metate to utilize in their pots. The majority of the geological clays had a high degree of shrinkage, so they had to be burned and performed far better than their alluvial counterparts. As the technology of brown goods moved north to the Mogollon location, potters continued to try to find clay from the floodplains, for a time neglecting the reality that it was abundant and modifying the clay for usage. A variety of other clays, such as sand, sandstone, riverbed clay and sandstones, also appear as alluvial stones.

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