Solomon Arizona
To Chaco Canyon

Chaco Canyon Road Network

Chaco Canyon Road Network 481293247855.jpg The heart of Chaco Canyon depends on the periodic "Chaco Wash," which runs east - southeast to west - northwest along the San Juan River and after that north to south through the canyon. The north side of the canyon consists of towering sandstone cliffs topped by wide, slippery terraces. The south side is less dramatic, but the scale of the Chaco world is even greater, stretching as far as the San Juan River and the Rio Grande Valley. Large homes lie on the north and south sides as well as on the east and west sides. The 2,500-square-kilometer research study area lies between the San Juan River and the Rio Grande Valley in the southern part of the Chaco Canyon region.

Ancient North Americans Drank Chocolate from Central America

In Mexico, cocoa, which is processed into a bitter beverage used in religious and other routines, is more than 1,200 miles south.Ancient North Americans Drank Chocolate Central America 584859269974580.jpg Using natural residue analyses, the Crown identified traces of cocoa in the soil at more than 1,000 websites in Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador. Traces of chocolate, cocoa powder and other trace substances were likewise found in cylinders and glasses found at the website of the ancient city of Chaco Canyon, about 60 miles south of Mexico City. In 2020, published by UNM Press, "Chaco Canyon: Chocolate or cocoa from the Chaco Valley, "a book by Crown and the University of New Mexico School of Archaeology. The Maxwell Museum of Sociology at UNM is found on the campus of the University of New Mexico School of Archaeology at Chaco Canyon. In 2009, he observed a drinking vessel found at the site of a Mayan event in the type of an ancient chocolatier and a chocolate bar. Hurst evaluated 5 pottery shards, three of which confirmed his hypothesis of a chocolatier and a chocolate bar from Chaco Canyon. He tested two of the 22 fragments, one from each site, and offered the crowns to the University of New Mexico School of Archaeology to test. Researchers from the University of New Mexico determined a similar residue analysis on pieces of chocolatiers and chocolate bars from the Chaco Canyon. Comparable residue analyses exposed the existence of the same chemical substances in the chocolate bars along with in other artifacts at the website.

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